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Selected Articles

9/11: New findings on indirect harms of terrorism (German)

9/11: New findings on indirect harms of terrorism (German)

Teaser: September 11
© Foto Andrea Damm / pixelio.de

After the 9/11 terror attacks many Americans who chose to drive instead of fly died in a traffic accident. But why did that differ from state to state and why didn't the same thing happen in Madrid after the attacks in 2004? Wolfgang Gaissmaier and Gerd Gigerenzer explore these questions in a new study.

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Misleading Communication of Risk

Misleading Communication of Risk

Teaser: Falling Dice
© Foto Andrea Damm / pixelio.de

Many scientific publications use misleading numbers to communicate risk. This article examines publications in medical journals and demonstrates how missing transparency constrains the accurate understanding of risks.

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Physicians don’t understand cancer screening statistics

Physicians don’t understand cancer screening statistics

Teaser: Wartezimmer
© Foto Rainer Sturm / pixelio.de

Even though improved survival rates and increased detection of cancers (incidence rate) with screening do not prove that screening actually saves lives, both statistics are often used to promote such examinations. However, a newly published shows that the majority of these doctors cannot distinguish between relevant and irrelevant – and even misleading – information.

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Launching the Century of the Patient

Launching the Century of the Patient

Teaser: Gigerenzer - Gray

Efficient health care requires informed doctors and patients. Gerd Gigerenzer and Sir J. A. Muir Gray identify seven "sins" that have contributed to a lack of respective knowledge and explain why governments and health institutes need to change course.

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Smart strategies for doctors and doctors-in-training: heuristics in medicine

Smart strategies for doctors and doctors-in-training: heuristics in medicine

Teaser: Stethoskop
© Foto Jens Goetzke / pixelio.de

In a recent article, we show that very simple decision strategies (heuristics) can be helpful companions for doctors and doctors-in-training if these strategies are adapted to the situations to which they are to be applied.

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A Numbers Game?

A Numbers Game?

Teaser: Statistik
© Foto S. Hofschlaeger / pixelio.de

Many doctors, patients, journalists, and politicians alike do not understand what health statistics mean or draw wrong conclusions without noticing.

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How simple are good judgments?

How simple are good judgments?

Teaser: Abschätzung

It is often taken for granted that complex judgments require complex strategies. In a review article published in Cognitive Processing, we argue that in situations with an uncertain outcome, the opposite is in fact true.

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Study shows: Europeans clearly overestimate the benefits of cancer screenings

Study shows: Europeans clearly overestimate the benefits of cancer screenings

Teaser: Informationen
© Foto Lupo / pixelio.de

Interviews with more than 10,000 individuals in 9 European countries revealed that Europeans are poorly informed optimists when it comes to cancer screening and its benefits.

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